Stop showing off – Riyaa


DON'T BE A SHOW OFF - Vintage Childrens Good Manners Instructional Poster - 1957
107:4 -6(Y. Ali) So woe to the worshipper, Who are neglectful of their prayers, Those who (want but) to be seen (of men.
264 (Y. Ali) O ye who believe! cancel not your charity by reminders of your generosity or by injury,- like those who spend their substance to be seen of men, but believe neither in Allah nor in the Last Day. They are in parable like a hard, barren rock, on which is a little soil: on it falls heavy rain, which leaves it (Just) a bare stone. They will be able to do nothing with aught they have earned. And Allah guideth not those who reject faith.

The Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, said: “What I fear for you the most is the minor shirk, that is ar-riyaa. Allaah will say on the Day of Judgement when He is rewarding the people for their actions: Go to those for whom you did riyaa for in the world then see if you find the reward with them.” (Related by Ahmad (5/428, 429))
The Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, said: “Shall I not inform you of what I fear for you more than the maseeh ud-dajjaal? It is the hidden shirk. It is when a man stands up for prayer, then beautifies his prayer for another to look at.” Ibn Maajah (2604)
"Ash-Shirk ul-Khafie in the Muslim nation is more inconspicuous than the creeping of a black ant on a black stone in the darkness of the night."
And this inconspicuous Shirk is expiated by saying thrice the following sentences within a day and a night:
Allaahumma innee a'oodhu bika an ushrika bika wa-anaa a'alam, wa-astaghfiruka limaa laa a'alam
"O Allaah, I take refuge in you lest I should commit shirk with you knowingly, and I seek your forgiveness for what I do unknowingly."
Jazaak Allah Khairan for reading.



Note: If you ever thought or felt that i'm showing off with my blog, then please tell me, JAZAKALLAH :)

Women and Congregational Prayers by Muhammad Faizan Chaki

Women and Congregational Prayers



http://www.mediafire.com/?p48kp0c51juj4bt

Nationalism: A Political Concept Part 1


Nation: A Political Perspective by Allama Iqbal

Explanation by Maulana Ghulam Rasul Meher
Translated into English by Muhammad Faizan Chaki

Wherever Allama Iqbal has denounced Nationalism, people have always misunderstood it. There are 2 meanings  of the word Nationalism:

Firstly, the national of a particular country. Where the person was born, where he was brought up, where he lives, he has a special love for that soil, he works his utmost for it's betterment and well being. He bares all difficulties to save it from enemies and even sacrifice his own blood and money for his land, because it's in his own, his family, his relatives and his fellow countrymen's interest to save his land from any kind of danger whatsoever. Iqbal has never protested to this idea of Nationalism.

On the other hand, there's this concept of Nationalism adopted by the West. Meaning, in the west every country's foundation in on his nationality. For example, English are the people living in England, French are the people living in France. Similarly, German are the people living in Germany, Irish are the people living in Ireland. This meaning of Nationalism divided the people into pieces. It lead to wars and bloodshed. And because of the same notion Europe has to face 2 World wars, and there are now dangers of a 3rd one today.

To raise his voice and protest against this idea of Nationalism was one of the achievements in the Iqbal's life. He saw that Europe controlled the world, and the Muslims have become weak politically. They're being inspired by the knowledge and ideas of the West, and some of those Muslims nations has already adopted Europe's concept of Nationalism, which was the main cause of war in the West, was now coming to the Muslim lands.That's exactly why Iqbal made it his life's mission to save Muslims of this danger and worked for the same cause extensively. This poem is also part of that mission.

Sorry to say, but Muslims did not understand this idea well, and that's exactly why Iqbal clarified it for the Muslim in his various works.

It's necessary to say give some points on the concept of Nationalism which is embraced by the West:

1- The people of the West make nation the basis of their establishment.
2- If there is a conflict between Religion and the State or State and The People, then they'll leave truth and justice aside and give their Nation the upper hand in everything.
3- Because of this idea of Nationalism, there came about a wave of un-religiousness and a big part of Europe gain freedom from all the rules and regulations.
4- The same notion has destroyed every possible goal of a person's life and everything shrunk into a small piece of soil which is called a Nation.

Islam denounces all of these concepts, ideas and notions outrightly, the concept of Nationalism in the West is about to destroy the basis of Islam's unity, and Iqbal was unable to stand it anymore and hence this poem came about.

Television or Computer [Esp. For the Youth]

It's time to say GOODBYE to the ol' Box!!
Why? Well, scroll down and find out the answers yourself...

GET RID OF THE TELEVISION SET

No it's not a radical idea, believe me it's not. TV itself is not bad. It is the programming which is by and large bad. In fact, up to 73% of parents would like to limit their children's TV. Children on an average watch more than 27 hours of TV a week exposing themselves to hundreds of unnecessary violence and nakedness at home each and every week!! Think about that. Come on, friends, surely we can live without all this trash, besides, they are unIslamic and that should be pretty obvious why - but hey I guess it is different watching it in your own home where no one can see you - BUT ALLAH CAN SEE YOU IN YOUR HOMES - ANY WHERE - ALLHUMDULILAH.


GOODBYE TV, HELLO COMPUTER
Face it, the IT or Information Technology is beginning to conquer the world. Now we do not want to be left behind, do we. The Cyber World is so vast that it has so many things to offer us and opportunities for us to explore. For those who haven't tried it, give it shot, I can guarantee that you'll enjoy it. Now there are quite a number of computer programmes available for Muslims which complement the ever-growing number of educational and entertainment products. A recent study has shown that more children have abandoned their TV set for the computer. Owning a computer nowadays is not considered a luxury anymore, Insha'Allah, one can get a set for a very affordable price. Check out the local market for one. There are also heaps of shareware programs as well on the net - search and see what you find.


WEB-SURFING IS MUCH BETTER THAN CHANNEL-SURFING
TV is only a one way communication, passive but not with computer. Web is interactive and more informative. Switch to Web or at least spend more time with it. Learn to make web pages - check out the web network here at Mission Islam it has info. on making a web page, and kids are so smart these days - just learn it and do it. Plugging in also means you can cut down the cost of buying newspapers as you can get the information online, hence, hinder the usage of paper thus discouraging deforestation...Greener World, friends. Muslims need to look after the environment.


ENCOURAGE ISLAMIC PROGRAMME
There are a lot of organizations out there which are developing Islamic programs for Muslim children on videos and computers. The world is not about to abandon TV. This is just about stating a healthier and better alternative to the tube. We cannot let millions of TV sets, thousands of satellites and TV stations broadcast an unIslamic way of life, ideals, and images as the most harmful product of this civilization. Islam and Muslims have a responsibility to produce and promote a God-conscious way of life, ideals and images using all means of communications possible. You can help Islamic productions by purchasing them, by promoting them, by investing in them. By supporting the development of Islamic media organizations, we are in fact ensuring that succeeding generations remain connected to Islam


SWEATING IS BETTER THAN SLOUCHING ON THE SOFA
Go out and play! After all you're a kid anyway, isn't that what you know best...get yourself dirty and exhausted, never mind the occasional bruises, hey, people don't say "No pain No Gain" for nothing. Be active and burn all the fat away. Do you know that too much of TV can stifles your ability to express ideas logically. A healthy and physically fit child will be able to achieve more in life than otherwise. That's why the Prophet, peace be upon him, encouraged sports and himself participated in them.


VENTURE OUT!
It's time to pack your hiking bag and drag your parents as well as other siblings to do some hiking. This is a good alternatives of recreation for your family and you. Explore new places and witness the richness of flora and fauna. Getting in touch with nature can make you see the wonders of Allah and His Power. It is also a good reason for your family to spend some time with each other.


VOLUNTEER TIME
Rather than sitting on the couch all day long doing nothing, you might want to do a little work for a change. Volunteer yourself to be a part of any of your local charities. Perhaps you might be able to learn a thing or two there. Besides, it is a great way to meet new friends!!

Well friends, what do you think? Make a choice for a better future...

Muslim Character : Keeping Sins a Secret


From among the teachings of Allah's Messenger (salallahu alaihe wa-sallam) is to keep sins a secret matter.If someone commits a sinful act which is against the Commandments of Allah, or is against the moral character, or is such an act that may cause harm to one's honor, then he should keep it a secret and seek forgiveness from Allah in the darkness of night. The Messenger of Allah (salallahu alaihe wa-sallam) said: "My entire nation is safe, except al-Mujahirin (those who boast of their sins). Among the Mujaharah is that a man commits an (evil) act, and wakes up in the morning while Allah has kept his (sin) a secret, he says: "O Fulan! Last night I did this and that." He goes to sleep while Allah has kept his (sin) a secret but he wakes up in the morning and uncovers what Allah has kept a secret!" [Saheeh al-Bukharee]
Zayd ibn Aslam narrated, 'At the time of the Messenger of Allah(salallahu alaihe wa-sallam), a man admitted that he had committed fornication, so the Messenger of Allah asked for a whip. He was brought a broken whip, so he said: "Better than this." Then he was brought a new whip…, he then said: "Lesser than this.' So, he was brought a whip that was used and had thus become soft, and the Messenger (salallahu alaihe wa-sallam) ordered that he be whipped with it (a hundred times). He then said: "O People! It is time for you to refrain from transgressing Allah's limits. He who commits some of these filthy acts (such as fornication), let him hide under Allah's cover, for whoever admits what he has committed, we will establish Allah's Book as regards him (by applying the warranted punishment for this sin)." [Musnad Ahmad]
Abdullah Ibn Masoud (radiyallahu anhu) related, 'A man came to the Prophet and said: 'O Messenger of Allah! I have mingled with a woman in the far side of al-Medina, and I fulfilled my desire short of actually having sexual intercourse with her. So, here am I, judge me according to what you decide.' Umar Ibn al-Khattab (radiyallahu anhu) then said: 'Allah had kept your secret, why did not you keep your secret?' [Sharh Muslim]
Similarly, if one becomes aware of somebody else's sin, he should keep it a secret. Allah's Messenger (salallahu alaihe wa-sallam) said: "He, who relieves a hardship of this Dunya (world) for a believer, Allah will relieve (from him) a hardship of the Day of Resurrection; he who makes easy an indebted person, Allah will make it easy for him in the Dunya and the Hereafter; he who covers a Muslim (meaning his mistakes and shortcomings), Allah will cover him in the Dunya and the Hereafter…" [Muslim]
Abdullah Ibn Umar (radiyallahu anhu) related, "The Messenger of Allah (salallahu alaihe wa-sallam) once rose above the podium and then said with a loud voice, "O those who have embraced Islam only with their tongue, while Eemaan has not yet entered their hears, neither harm Muslims, nor mock them, nor try to expose their mistakes, for he who follows (searches for) the errors of his brother, Allah will follow his errors, and he whom Allah follows his errors, He will expose him even if he was in the middle of his home." [Saheeh al-Jamee] I
mam an-Nawawi (rahimahullah) writes, 'This Hadeeth indicates that following and then exposing people's mistakes only occurs by the hypocrites and those whose Eemaan is so weak, that it did not yet fill their hearts…"
Exposing sins lead to humiliation and embarrassment, which ceases the possibility that the sinner might someday regret his mistake, seek forgiveness from Allah and purify his soul from sins because one of the things that prevent one from committing sins is the fear of humiliation. However, if the sinner knows that the people are already aware of his sins, then he does not experience the shame and distraction which he used to feel before and this might encourage him to commit sins openly!
Secondly, when sins are repeatedly mentioned in gatherings, etc. the fear of committing sins vanishes from the people's hearts. First the sin will become easy on people's tongue and gradually he, who does not feel any shame in mentioning the sin, will not find it difficult to even commit the sin. This is how, sins spread in the society!
So, if someone becomes aware of his brother's sins and realizes that nobody except him has seen him committing the sin, then he should keep the sin a secret. He should not encourage people towards sins by exposing his faults. Allah, the Exalted, has not only condemned committing sins in the Qur'aan but He has also condemned those people who mention sins in public. He said: "Verily, those who like that Fahishah should be circulated among those who believe, they will have a painful torment." [(24): 19] meaning, those who like to see evil talk about them (the believers) appear. [Tafseer Ibn Katheer]
Allah says in Soorah an-Nisa (4): 148, "Allah does not like that evil should be uttered in public except by him who has been wronged."
Ibn Abbas (radiyallahu anhu) commented on this verse, "Allah does not like that anyone should invoke Him against anyone else, unless one was wronged. In this case, Allah allows one to invoke Him against whoever wronged him…Yet, it is better for one if he observes patience." [Tafseer Ibn Katheer]
Today sins have become widespread in the society because we have forgotten the teachings of Allah's Messenger (salallahu alaihe wa-sallam), who discouraged people from revealing one's mistakes and sins as well as others. As a result, people have lost the fear of committing not only minor sins but even major sins - Moreover, we find people proudly attributing sins to themselves!!
Today, there are also many novel channels through which sins are propagated in the society; like such book, magazines and television programs that mention the crimes of others, illicit acts, and immorality under the name of creating awareness among the people. These programs which are meant to help the people against the crimes are in reality, helping the crime to spread fast in the society! Crimes, which were previously unknown to people have become common offense! It is therefore necessary for the Muslims to avoid all such avenues which may lead to the destruction of our Muslim Ummah.
Lecture by Allama Ehsan Ilahi Zaheer (rahimahullah)
awaaid wa-Fawaaid min al-Arabeen an-Nawawi by Shaikh Nathim Sultan
Tafseer Ibn Katheer, and others.
Jazak Allah Khair for reading.

Surah Fajr Tafsir (Exegesis) by Nouman Ali Khan


What do we learnt from the Previous Surah from before (surah Ghashiyah)?
88:25
88:26
It is to us they will return, and it is upon us to judge them.
(Ghashiyah 88: 25-26)

The people who get questioned on that Day are destroyed, and only the people who do not have Hisaab/Questioning will be safe.

The one who is given the book in their right hand - the angels will let them pass through without a hard time.

Oaths:
Why did the people of the past take oaths, and why does Allah take Oaths in the Qur'an?
1 - To get attention in speech.
2 - The Object being sworn/oathed by has a relation to the Subject to come.

The oaths in this surah continue with the pattern of previous oaths which show the different signs of Allah's wonders in the sky. (I.e. The stars, the sunrise, the red glow of the sun when it sets, the still night etc.)

Ayah 1:
89:1


Transliteration: wal Fajr.
Translation: [I swear] By the break of Day

Fajr - the time when the night has been ripped, and the light begins to come through into the sky.

Fajr (and other similar root words to it) = to tear/rip open something completely.
So the earliest time when the light tears through the darkness of the night - Fajr has begun.
Allah does an oath by this time of the Day.

This is the time of life. Animals and birds start chirping. The world is given life once again after its death.

(Surah Duha - wal layli idha saja - By the Night when it is Saja [still/not moving at all.])
It is only the believer who wakes up willingly by choice at this time to worship Allah, his Master, whereas the disbelievers/sinners remain asleep. And the animals wake up without choice. This makes the believing slave of Allah have a high rank in His sight.

At this time - the hearts are the closest and most in fear in the presence of their Lord. Why?
1 - The slave has woken up for no reason of the world except for Allah's sake.
2 - When Allah swears by the morning - He is swearing by death and life. Because the night
sleep is a sign of death, and the waking up is like the Ressurection after that death.

This is affirmed by the du'a we recite from the Sunnah after waking up; Alhamdulillah aladhee ahyana ba'da ma amaatana wa ilayhin-nushoor.(the praise is for Allah who brought us to life after our death, and to Him is our gathering.)


So waking up is a reminder of the final Ressurection on Judgment Day.
3 - Darkness is removed. Since this surah is a Makki surah (revealed in Makkah when the
Muslims faced hardship). The Fajr morning light is a sign of the upcoming victory of Islam after the hardships (darkness) faced by the Muslims.

Just like the morning light (of Tawheed/monotheism) removes the darkness of shirk (polytheism) and oppression.

This is why Fajr is sworn by.

Ayah 2:

89:2

Transliteration: wa layaalin 'ashr
Translation: And I swear by Ten Nights.

[wa layaal IL (alif,lam) 'ashr - and I swear by THE ten nights" is not mentioned.

The lack of 'AL [THE] means its NOT limited to just one set of 10 nights, it could be more than one set of 10 nights. As we will see;
'10 nights' are important to ponder over because; Allah swore by them, and because they are part of the lesson of the Surah.

What are 'Ten nights'? 2 Opinions;
1 - The Last 10 Nights of Ramadan (when fasting takes place.)
2 - The First 10 Nights of Dhul Hijjah (the month in which Hajj takes place).

There other minority opinions (i.e. Some say Muharram) but these are the main two.


(The vast majority of sahaba [Companions of Allah's Messenger],tabi'oon [followers of the
companions] and mufassiroon [exegesists/interpreters of the Qur'an] have held either of the
above 2 opinions.)

The First or Last 10 days of any month are the most visible when you see the shifting of the moon. The major changes are known by looking at the sky, just like you look at the sky for Fajr.
Islahi - changing of the nights shows us the inevitable.

So when you see the Fajr light - you know for sure that the day is going to come. The same way if you see the moon, you know the month is going to go ahead and the moon full.

So if you want to know the victory of Islam coming, just pay attention to the Fajr dawn, and the moon as it becomes full gradually. Because surely, light doesn't come except after the darkest part of the night.

The barakah / blessings are at the highest within these nights, and the rewards are the greatest.

This is why fasting, 'ibaadah (worship), sacrifice [in Dhul Hijjah] etc. Are within these nights.

This surah ends; ya ayatuhan-nafs ul muttma'inna, Irji'ee ilaa Rabiki raadiyatan mardiyatan fadkhulee janatee. (oh soul at rest, come to your Master, pleased and pleased with (by Allah) and enter my Paradise. (Ayah [89]:30) - because this person did good for the pleasure of Allah, causing Allah to be pleased with it, and as a result He entered this person into Paradise.

The Days when entering Paradise is easiest to earn.

Ramadan - Laylat-al-Qadr. - when Revelation (wahy) began. The Qur'an was revealed on this night.

The Messenger of Allah opened/took Makkah on the Day of Hajj in Dhul Hijjah. A sign of the fulfillment of his mission.

So the entire Life of Allah's Messenger is covered within these sets of 10 nights.

The dawn of Islam is near, and that was achieved within the Opening of Makkah in Dhul Hijjah on the day of Hajj.


The Fajr gives life to the dead, a sign of the Day of Ressurection. And what was one of the signs of the Day of Ressurection? The coming of Allah's Messenger Muhammad (sal Allah alaihi wasalam).

So the Fajr mentioned in the 1st ayah - a reminder of the Ressurection Day connects with the next aayah (Ayah 2) covering the life of Allah's Messengers beginning of the message, and the end of his message and the upcoming victory of Islam.

Al Aloosi: Some say these are the ten nights of Dhul Hijjah and others say they are the 10 nights of Ramadan.

hadeeth fi bukhari; ma min iyamin 'amal as-salih, ahuba lillahi fee hinna ayaam, ya'ni 'ashru dhul hijjah...
(there are no days which are more beloved to Allah than the first 10 days of Dhul Hijjah) [Bukhari]

Ayah 3:

89:3

Transliteration: wash-shaf'i wal witr.
Translation: And I swear by the even and the odd.

shaf' = to be with someone. (i.e. Shafa'ah "I'm with him/on his side.") One part of another. One with the other.

watr = odd. (i.e. The witr prayer is in odd numbers of raka'ats).


A view by many Sahaba (companions of Allah's Messenger):
ash-shaf' - all of the creation of Allah in pairs. Male & female, night & day, darkness and light,
big and small etc.

watr - only Allah alone. Since only Allah is One and there is none like or comparable to Him.
So Allah swears by the creation and Himself.

Others have connected it to the previous oaths. Some nights are odd and sometimes the nights are even. Some months are odd, some months are even.

But regardless - they are blessed months.

Qatada: ash-Shaf' - refers to everyday of the month (because every day contains a Day and a Night). Except the last day of the month which contains no night (since the night of that day fits into the new month).

[This is because the Maghrib (sunset) of a day is the night for the oncoming day, i.e. On

Thursday Maghrib time = the Night of Friday. After Fajr - it is Friday daytime. At Friday maghrib (sunset) time - it is Saturday night. Etc.]

Related to this view is ash-Shaf' referring to all the days of the world because they are similar in pattern, and the Watr being the Final Day of Ressurection when everything will be different to the norms of other days of the world.

Another Deep interpretation is;
Every one of those two things within the pair need to be appreciated individually, and through looking at them individually - you see how they work together evenly for such beauty and harmony.

i.e. The night is an odd, the day is an odd. These two together are an even. The beauty of the day for our work and lively matters is something to appreciate, and the night for rest should also be appreciated. But we would not be able to appreciate them both fully unless we had two of them.


The Earth, the Sky. The male and the female. Slave and Master. Hell and Paradise. We cannot appreciate one without the other.

Similarly, this Worldly life would be out of balance if it didn't have another to balance it. So just like everything else - Allah has made a balance for it - a Judgment Day to balance out the injustices and justice done in this life. He has made the Afterlife for Punishment and Reward.

An opinion which has been criticized by many scholars, but it's interesting;

ash-shaf' - the 2 haramain of Masjid al Haram in Makkah and Masjid an-Nabawi in Medinah.

watr - Bayt al Maqdis (Masjid al Aqsa in Jerusalem).

Ayah 4:
89:4

Transliteration: wal layli idha yasrI [kasra/zeyr (i sound) at the end].
Translation: I swear by the night as it strolls away.

Normally in the arabic language, we would expect the word to be Yasree (with a Ya at the end).

But instead, there is just a kasra at the end - YasrI.

yasri - It means to take a stroll at night time.

al Akhfash was a Scholar on Hadeeth (muhadith) was asked; how come Allah removed the Ya from yasri?


He was a tough teacher and said to him, come back after a year and I will tell you. The student came back in a year and asked the same question. So the al Akhfash replied;

The night does not take a scroll. Rather, the stroll is taken - by people - in the night.

This implies that people don't have power over time, rather Allah has power over time, and humans - with the limited abilities given to them - use the different times for their benefit. So humans have to adapt to the environment, and they should not be arrogant because they themselves cannot control the time of the universe around them.

This oath (ayah 4) is connected to Ayah 1.

Ayah 2 and Ayah 3 are connected to each other.
Ayah 4 and Ayah 1 are connected. How?

The Fajr in the 1st ayah represented the Ressurection Day, the same way we wake from our sleep.

The night taking a stroll (the world coming to an end) is a sign of the approaching of the Fajr (which signifies the Day of Ressurection).

And the aayaat in between Ayah 2 and 3 signify the life of Allah's Messenger.

Oaths Summarised:
Ayah 1 - signifies the Ressurection, the same way we wake up from our sleep.

Ayah 2 and 3 - signifies the coming of Allah's Messenger and him being victorious. He is one of the great signs of the end times.

Ayah 4 - the night taking a stroll signifies the world coming to an end.

Are you neglecting Fajr Prayer ?







You just have to lower your gaze, O Youth of Islam!



O Youth! of the Nation of Muhammad S.A.W.W, Just Lower your gaze. Is that too much to ask ?

Has ALLAH burdened you more than that you can bear ?

Think O Brothers and Sisters in Islam.
Tell the believing men to reduce [some] of their vision* and guard their private parts+. That is purer for them. Indeed, ALLAH is Acquainted with what they do.[Al-Quran An-Nur Chap#24 Verse#30]
And tell the believing women to reduce [some] of their vision and guard their private parts and not expose their adornment except that which [necessarily] appears thereof.........[Al-Quran An-Nur Chap#24 Verse#31]

*Looking at what is lawful and averting their eyes from what is unlawful.
+From being seen and from unlawful acts

Ten Lessons 'Abdullah bin al-Mubarak Taught Us

‘Abdullah bin al-Mubarak was a scholar known for simultaneously combining numerous traits of virtue. In fact, his friends would sit and count all of the good things that were part of his character and personality. adh-Dhahabi related that they said: “Let’s sit and count the good traits that Ibn al-Mubarak has.” So, they ended up listing: “Knowledge, Fiqh, literature, grammar, language, zuhd, eloquence, poetry, praying at night, worship, Hajj, Jihad, bravery, instinct, strength, speaking little in what doesn’t concern him, fairness, and lack of conflict with his    companions.”
Reading through his life story, one sees exactly this and cannot help but to derive brief yet heavy lessons from how this man lived:

1- No matter how bad you think you are, you can always become better.
In ‘Tartib al-Madarik’ (1/159), 
al-Qadi ‘Iyad mentioned that Ibn al-Mubarak was asked about the circumstances in which he began studying. He replied: “I was a youth who drank wine and loved music and singing while engaging in these filthy acts. So, I gathered some friends to one of my gardens where there were sweet apples, and we ate and drank until we passed out while drunk. At the end of the night, I woke up and picked up the stringed oud and began singing:
Isn’t it time that you had mercy on me * And we rebel against those who criticize us?
And I was unable to pronounce the words as I intended. When I tried again, the oud began speaking to me as if it were a person, saying the verse: “Isn’t it time for the hearts of those who believe to be affected by Allah’s reminder?” [al-Hadid; 16] So, I said: “Yes, O Lord!” And I smashed the oud, spilled the wine, and my repentance with all its realities came by the grace of Allah, and I turned towards knowledge and worship.”

2 – You should associate with honorable people.
In ‘Sifat as-Safwah’ (2/323),
Ibn al-Jawzi mentioned: “Ibn al-Mubarak’s home in Marw was vast. It measured fifty square yards. There was no person known for knowledge, worship, manhood, or high status in Marw except that you saw him in this house.”

3 – You should be a helpful guest.
In ‘Sifat as-Safwah’ (2/324),
it is narrated that when an-Nadr bin Muhammad’s son got married, he invited Ibn al-Mubarak, “and when he arrived, Ibn al-Mubarak got up to serve the guests. an-Nadr did not leave him and swore that he would tell him to leave until he finally sat down.”

4 – You should give money to the poor.
In ‘Sifat as-Safwah’ (2/327),
Ibn al-Jawzi mentions that Ibn al-Mubarak “would spend a hundred thousand dirhams a year on the poor.”

5 – You should always return borrowed items to their owners.
In ‘Sifat as-Safwah’ (2/329),
al-Hasan bin ‘Arafah said that ‘Abdullah bin al-Mubarak told him: “I borrowed a pen from someone in Sham, and I intended to return it to its owner. When I arrived in Marw (in Turkmenistan!), I saw that I still had it with me. Abu ‘Ali (al-Hasan’s nickname), I went all the way back to Sham to return the pen to its owner!”

6 – You should be brave, and hide your good deeds:
In ‘Sifat as-Safwah’ (2/329), ‘Abdah bin Sulayman said: 
“We were on an expedition in the lands of the Romans with ‘Abdullah bin al-Mubarak. We met the enemy, and when the two armies met, a man came out from their side calling for a duel. One of our men went out to him and dueled with him for an hour, injuring him and killing him. Another came out, and he killed him. He called for another duel, and another man came out. They dueled for an hour, and he injured and killed him as well. The people gathered around this man, and I was with them, and saw that he was covering his face with his sleeve. I took the edge of his sleeve and pulled it away to find that it was ‘Abdullah bin al-Mubarak,” and in the version reported by adh-Dhahabi, he made him swear not to reveal his identity until the day he died.

7 – You should have a tender heart.
In ‘Sifat as-Safwah’ (2/330),
al-Qasim bin Muhammad said: “We were on a journey with Ibn al-Mubarak, and I was always asking myself: what is so special about this man that he is so famous? If he prays, so do we. If he fasts, so do we. If he fights, so do we. If he makes Hajj, so do we.
One night, we spent the night in a house travelling on the way to Sham. The lamp went out, and some of us woke up. So, he took the lamp outside to light it, and stayed outside for a while. When he came back in with the lamp, I caught a glimpse of Ibn al-Mubarak’s face, and saw that his beard was wet with his tears. I said to myself: “This fear of Allah is what has made this man better than us. When the lamp went out and we were in darkness, he remembered the Day of Resurrection.”"

8 – You should be generous to your friends.
In ‘Sifat as-Safwah’ (2/329),
Isma’il bin ‘Ayyash said: “I don’t know of a single good trait except that Allah has placed it in ‘Abdullah bin al-Mubarak. My friends told me that they were travelling with him from Egypt to Makkah, and he was serving them khabis (a sweet flour dish) while he was fasting the entire trip.”

9 – You should not give in to Satan’s whispers.
In ‘Tartib al-Madarik’ (1/159), 
it is related that Ibn al-Mubarak was making ablution, and Satan came to him and said: “You did not wipe over this part of your body.” Ibn al-Mubarak said: “I did.” Satan said: “No, you didn’t.” So, Ibn al-Mubarak said: “You are the one making the claim, and you must therefore bring proof to back the claim up.”

10 – You should sincerely pray for people to accept Islam.
In ‘Tartib al-Madarik’ (1/162),
it is related that al-Hasan bin ‘Isa bin Sirjis would walk by Ibn al-Mubarak, and he was a Christian. Ibn al-Mubarak asked who he was, and was told: “He is a Christian.” So, Ibn al-Mubarak said: “O Allah, grant him Islam.” So, Allah answered his supplication and al-Hasan became an excellent Muslim, and he travelled to seek knowledge and became one of the scholars of the Ummah.”
Translated by Brother Abu Sabaya 
[May Allah grant him and his family patience]

Disqus for Faizan Chaki's Blog