Fiqh of Eid According to The Hanafi School of Thought

The Fiqh of Eid

From Heavenly Ornaments
of Imam Ashraf al-Tahanawi (Allah have mercy on him)

  • 1. The first of Shawwaal is known as Eid ul-Fitr, and the tenth of Zil Hijjah is known as Eid ul-Ad'haa. Both these days are days of festivity and celebration in Islam. On both these days it is necessary (wajib) to offer two rakaats of prayer as a form of gratitude. The prerequisites and conditions that have been mentioned for the validity and compulsion for Friday, apply for the Eid prayer as well. With the exception that for the Friday prayer the khutbah is a prerequisite and fard, while for the Eid prayers it is not fard but sunnah. Furthermore, the Friday khutbah is delivered before the prayer while for the Eid prayers, the khutbah is delivered after the prayer. However, listening to the khutbah of Eid is necessary (wajib) just as it is necessary (wajib) for the khutbah of Friday, i.e. while the khutbah is being delivered, it is haraam to talk, walk about or offer prayer.
  • Thirteen things are sunnah on the day of Eid ul-Fitr:
    • (i) To adorn oneself according to the Shariah.
    • (ii) To have a bath.
    • (iii) To use miswaak.
    • (iv) To wear the best of clothing which one possesses.
    • (v) To apply perfume.
    • (vi) To wake up very early in the morning.
    • (vii) To go early to the Eid prayer place.
    • (viii) To eat something sweet, such as dates, before going to the Eid prayer place.
    • (ix) To give the sadaqatul fitr before going to the Eid prayer place.
    • (x) To offer the Eid prayer in the Eid prayer place. That is, one should not offer Eid prayer in the masjid without any valid reason.
    • (xi) To return from the Eid prayer place taking a route that is different from the one that he had taken when going towards the Eid prayer place.
    • (xii) To go to the Eid prayer place on foot.
    • (xiii) To read the following takbeer softly while walking towards the Eid prayer place:
  • 2. The method of offering Eid ul-Fitr prayer is as follows:
    • the following intention should be made: "I intend offering two rakaats necessary (wajib) of Eid ul-Fitr prayer with six necessary (wajib) takbeers."
    • After making this intention, he should commence his prayer.
    • He must recite the thanaa' and then say Allahu Akbar three times.
    • Each time that he says Allahu Akbar, he should raise his hands to his ears just as he does for the takbeer-e-tahreemah.
    • After making the takbeer, he should let his hands rest at his sides.
    • In-between each takbeer, he should pause to such an extent that he can read Sub'haanallah three times.
    • After the third takbeer, he should not rest his hands but tie them.
    • He should then read the ta'awwudh and bismillah, Surah Faatihah and another Surah.
    • Thereafter, he should make his ruku and sajdahs and stand up as he normally does.
    • In the second rakaat, he should first recite Surah Faatihah and another Surah.
    • Thereafter, he should make three takbeers but after the third takbeer he should not tie his hands but leave them at his sides.
    • He should then make one more takbeer and go into ruku.
  • 3. After the prayer, the imam has to stand on the mimbar and deliver two khutbahs. He should sit down in-between the two khutbahs to the extent that he sits between the khutbahs of Friday.
  • 4. Dua should be made after the Eid prayer, or even after the khutbah. Although this dua has not been established from the life of The Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, the Sahabah, Taabi'een and even the Tabe Taabi'een, but because it is sunnah to make a dua after every prayer, it will be preferable to make it after the Eid prayer as well.
  • 5. The khutbahs of Eid should commence with the takbeers. The takbeer should be said nine times in the first khutbah and seven times in the second khutbah.

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